I recently imported a car from auction in Japan. When I began the process, I couldn’t find anywhere with a comprehensive overall guide, explaining the whole process from start to end. Now I’ve got the car on the road, I thought I’d write one, to give an idea what is involved, and hopefully help anyone doing it to avoid unnecessary delays and frustration.
- Auction house: Produces report sheets and grades vehicles.
- Exporter in Japan: Publishes report sheets on web. Provides customers with estimated guide prices, and assists with explanation of auction report sheets.
- Accepts bids from customers, inspects vehicles at auction, and if in satisfactory condition, bids up to the customer’s maximum bid. where successful, purchases car and arranges for it to be shipped to the UK.
- Customs agent: Pays customs charges and bills customer. Arranges clearance from port. Advises customer on when and where to collect their car
- Shipping company: Transports car from port in Japan to port in UK. Collects shipping cost from customer (as bankers draft) when they collect their car from the UK port.
- HMRC (Customs): Charges just under 30% of shipped cost of the car as import tax and VAT. Issues form 386 to customer to show that tax has been paid.
- Garage: Tests car and produces MOT pass certificate
- DVLA: Provides registration application form V55. On receipt of all required documents showing car has been legally imported from Japan, taxes paid, and MOT’d, issues registration certificate. Charges £50 plus the cost of first year road tax (£180) for this.
01-Oct Send deposit
05-Oct Deposit received, start browsing
11-Oct Place first bid at mid-point of estimated range. Does not reach reserve.
15-Oct Place two more bids, one at top of estimated range.
16-Oct One car was rusty, so the agent did not bid. The other car was won, at £100 above my bid.
16-Oct Send balance of payment
11-Nov Car leaves Japan on ship, bound for Southampton
26-Dec Ship arrives in Southampton. Port is closed for Christmas.
27-Dec Ring around and arrange insurance.
28-Dec I arrive in Southampton by train, and leave in my new car.
Buy new battery. Wire up rear foglight
Order form V55 from DVLA website (needed to apply to register car)
23-Jan Car passes MOT with no issues.
25-Jan Send V55 & registration documents to DVLA
30-Jan Receive rejection from DVLA. Require Japanese de-reg form, Customs 386 tax receipt, and proof of speedo conversion to MPH
31-Jan Ask exporter and customs agent about missing documents
06-Feb Receive de-registration form from customs agent, who had filed it by mistake
11-Feb Receive customs form 386 from HMRC
Buy speedo converter from eBay
12-Feb Send documents to DVLA again, together with receipt for speedo converter
18-Feb Receive Registration Certificate from DVLA. Obtain numberplates from Halfords. Take car out for a drive with girlfriend.
28-Feb Receive V5 from DVLA.
Total time taken: 4 months, 18 days.
I lost 18 days due to the document issue, which I could have saved had I known at the start which documents I required for registration.
I spent 26 days getting the car ready for MOT, because I wanted to do it myself, was doing it in my spare time, and am no expert. If you arranged in advance to take the car straight from the port to a garage to prepare and MOT it, you could probably avoid most of this delay.
Thus the ‘best case’ time is about three months, with the major time-consuming activities being:
2 weeks – sending deposit and choosing car
4 weeks – car getting to port and waiting for ship
6 weeks – shipping
1 week – registration with DVLA
Total : 13 weeks
£60 international bank transfer fees (£30 each for deposit and balance)
£3,000 car (includes exporter commission)
£1,000 import tax
£75 Customs agent fee
£20 speedo converter
£230 Registration and road tax
£25 number plates
£4,860 Total On The Road car cost
Note that this does not include Insurance, new battery, new tyres, foglight switch, tools to wire up the above, the metal steering bush and fitting, train to Southampton and petrol back, postage to DVLA, the endless modifications that I will undoubtedly embark upon as an SXOC member, or the unlimited speeding fines that I will probably rack up as a result.
1) It’s worth googling your chosen exporter and customs agent before committing any funds, to become aware of any other customers who have had previous good or bad experiences. Choosing large, established companies obviously reduces your risk.
2) The auction reports consist of an overall grade, interior and exterior grades, a diagram showing the location of any bodywork imperfections, and miscellaneous notes describing the overall condition of the car and any modifications. You will also receive two low resolution photographs. All of the above is in a nearly incomprehensible form of abbreviated trade Japanese. Fortunately there are guides online to help you, and your exporter should be able to assist; however, if you know a little Japanese, this will be an advantage.
3) You can request form V55 from the DVLA website as soon as you have bought your car. The sooner you get it, the more chance you have of avoiding delays. You should receive the Japanese de-registration form from your exporter once the car is shipped. You should receive the customs form 386 within 1-4 weeks of the car clearing customs (around the landing date).
4) Cars over 10 years old can be registered after passing an MOT. You should only need to fit a rear foglight for this, although you will need to fix any roadworthyness issues, obviously, and the DVLA may require you to show you have converted your speedometer to miles per hour before you can register it.
5) The whole process is a bit time-consuming, but is not really difficult, and you can do it without taking time off work. My shipping line would hold the car on arrival for up to five days without charging, so you would always be able to wait and go down on a weekend. You can do the registration by post, albeit at the cost of a few days’ extra wait. If you know what you’re doing, it should be fairly straightforward.
I now have a low-mileage (about 35k) grade 4 S13, with a very clean chassis and interior, and an original-fitment SR20DET motor. However, I have paid the equivalent of £4750 for a stock, fourteen year old car, and it still probably needs a few more rubber bits replacing.
If you want the best possible S13, you probably want to import one. However, with a bit of patience you could find a not-bad UK car for half that, and have money left for fixing-up and modifying. Or you could find a good S14 for the same or less money, which would also have an SR20 and probably be pretty solid.
PS: I went with Autospecs (aka JapaneseUsedCars.com) as my exporter, and Kleerfreight (aka Rob) as my Customs agent. Both were communicative, helpful and professional, and I would recomment both without hesitation.
I’m happy to answer any questions anyone may have about importing; equally, if anyone has any corrections or further information to add, that would be cool. I’ve only covered one possible method of importing (from auction), there are others, but I can’t really comment. The above is entirely based on my own experience importing a single car; other people may have had different experiences.